• Overall Chemistry Framework Goals for Maximum Levels:

    1. Chemistry is relationship based and should not involve heavy mathematics. When mathematics is required, calculations should be held to a minimum (i.e. there is no need to explore every mathematical perspective of a problem as the focus is on relationships).

    2. Semester 1 the focus is on how the structure affects the properties of matter. Students should stay within the first 3 periods to examine structure and function. This should be the guiding question that they come back to throughout all of the investigations.

    3. When exploring structure, less is more. Students explore structures for elements in the first three periods and not those of expanded octets.

    4. The course should have many lab inquiries with the focus on why did this occur (structure and function) and not on mathematical calculations.

    5. Semester 2 the focus is on interactions of matter.

    6. Chemical Reactions should be explored and classified, however, the expectation is not for students to predict products but to classify and describe chemical reactions. The focus should examine why did the reaction occur and why other reactions would not occur drawing on periodic table understanding from the first semester. Simple balanced equations are the focus.

    7. Chemical Reactions are further explored through kinetics. This exploration should be theoretical using the collision theory as well as discussions around concentration, pressure and temperature and why, possibly, this would increase the rate of collisions.

    8. Simple calorimtery experiments can be formed to discuss the change in energy from reactant to products. Examine the exchange of energy depends on the mass that is present. Students should also explore specific heat, what it is and its real world application.

    9. Students should explore thermochemistry to understand the differences between exothermic and endothermic. Students should examine simple bond energies but the focus should be on examining energy changes represented in enthalpy diagrams. (entropy is not appropriate for chemistry).

    10. Students explore equilibrium from a non-mathematical lens. Focus should be on Le Chatlier’s Principle and how a reaction can be moved in forward and reverse.

    11. Acids and Bases are explored from examining their structures to determine why they are acids or bases. Little mathematical calculations are done here with the focus on pH + pOH = 14. Logs should not be used.

    12. Students should explore gas laws through examination of relationships. Students should solve simple gas law problems.

    13. Simple stoichiometry explored.